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Parents Important in Steering Kids Away from Sedentary Activities

Parents can have a significant impact in steering young children away from too much time spent in sedentary pursuits. This new study, in the American Journal of Health Promotion, found this effect in Hispanic families, whose children are more likely to be sedentary than non-Hispanic white children and who are also especially vulnerable to becoming overweight or obese. “We found ...

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Three Fears May Discourage Colorectal Cancer Screening

New research about why people forego colorectal cancer (CRC) screening suggests that three fears play a significant role; fear of embarrassment, fear of getting AIDS and fear of pain may make some seniors skip the potentially lifesaving tests. The strongest predictor of unwillingness to participate in screening was fear of embarrassment during a screening. Fear of getting AIDS, which prior ...

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Students More Likely to be Fit When Physical Education is Mandatory

Fifth graders in California public school districts that comply with the state’s mandatory physical education requirement are more likely to have better fitness levels than students in districts that don’t comply, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. “Even though California has a physical education law and monitors its compliance, our study revealed that many ...

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Park Improvements Lead to Increased Vigorous Exercise, Not Just Greater Use

A new study suggests that refurbishing neighborhood parks may lead to improvements in community health.  Increased visitors and higher rates of exercise were observed for more than one year when one community park provided new and varied amenities. Study leader Jenny Veitch, Ph.D., of Deakin University in Burwood, Victoria, Australia, notes that it’s no secret that parks can be important ...

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Social Networks Influence Flu Shot Decision among College Students

College students’ social networks influence their beliefs regarding the safety of influenza vaccines and decisions about vaccination, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health. The most influential people seem to be spouses, parents and friends, said study author Sean Richey, Ph.D., a political scientist at Georgia State University. “We show that a path to influencing the ...

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Too Many Drugs for Many Older Patients

Older patients are increasingly prescribed multiple drugs that, when combined, can lead to negative side effects and poor health outcomes.  A new Cochrane Library evidence review reveals that little is known about the best ways to avoid inappropriate prescribing of medications for seniors or how to maximize health benefits while minimizing prescriptions. According to study author Susan M. Patterson, Ph.D., ...

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People with Asthma Get the Green Light for Exercise

Not only is it safe for people with asthma to exercise, but doing so could reduce their risk of asthma symptoms or attacks, according to a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library. Many people with asthma report avoiding exercise because they’re afraid it could trigger symptoms including shortness of breath, wheezing or a full-blown asthma attack, said review author ...

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Doctors Need Training to Help Smokers Quit

Health care professionals do a better job helping people quit smoking when they are trained in smoking cessation techniques, a new Cochrane Library review finds. Smoking cessation training helped health care providers identify interventions that help smokers quit. “The vast majority of health professionals would ask about smoking status, yet very few would offer advice or support to quit,” said ...

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Assisted Living Options Grow, Nursing Home Occupancy Declines

A new study finds an association between an increase in assisted living options, which provide older adults with an array of services such as help with everyday tasks in homelike settings, and a decline in nursing home occupancy. This shift in delivery of care has both positive and negative implications for seniors. The study appears in the upcoming issue of ...

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Family Matters When It Comes to a Good Night’s Sleep

Sound, restful sleep may be just a dream for millions of Americans with strained family relationships. That’s the finding of a new study published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior. “Sleep is a fundamental human experience—everyone has to sleep, but not everyone gets restful sleep,” said study co-author Jennifer Ailshire, Ph.D., a sociologist and postdoctoral fellow at the ...

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